These are severe difficulties manifesting early in childhood development, and are characterised by delays in and alterations of the development of the capacities for social interaction, cognition, and communication.
The neural circuits linking the ear to the brain contain specific neurons (both motor and sensory) called 'mirror neurons' which play an important role in the construction of social cognition, that is, the ensemble of the processes that allow us to attribute intentions and ideas to someone, and even to understand another person’s emotional state.
By acting on these neural circuits, the Tomatis Method contrives to improve both the capacity to communicate and the qualty of our relational abilities.The Tomatis Method has demonstrated its effectiveness in helping people who suffer from autism and associated behavioral disorders (e.g. Asperger’s syndrome). The Method is not exclusive in this regard.